Malaga is a
provincial capital and from the total municipal area 15% is urbanized.
Since the accession of Spain to the European Union Malaga is taking
part actively in numerous European projects for the economical development,
for improvement of infrastructure facilities or with social character,
mainly from the European Regional Development Fund - FEDER. This
represents one of the most important supports for the improvement
and the modernization of the city.
The urban structure
of the city of Malaga can be roughly divided in two parts due to
the presence of the Guadalmedina River. This river runs from west
to east and was historically a factor of preoccupation, which formerly
caused periodic floods. It was redirected and transformed into a
channel to control the flood discharge.
By its characteristic
of use the city fabric can be divided into two different categories:
the historical old town and around it the city expansion from to
the sixties. The old town area is characterized by narrow and not
straight streets surrounded by till 4storey buildings. It is the
traditional settlement nucleus, with a commercial, financial, recreational
use and in smaller percentage residential use. This area is mainly
made up the historical old town (Arab nucleus around the street
Marquess of Larios), its historical periphery (the port, the Park
and the Alameda). The largest number of the historical and architectural
monuments is located here.
The expansion areas surround the city by the west, south and north
sides predominating in the two last directions. To the other side
of the Guadalmedina, especially towards the south Seafront there
are series of residential districts, with some commercial functions.
The building type is the multi-storey buildings for housing in enclosed
block development, in particular towards the south.
To the west and north due to the rough topography the residential
areas are mostly made up by multi-houses in hills near the sea,
which acquires greater quality.
Towards the West there are areas of present expansion for industrial
(industrial estates), commercial (great commercial surfaces), technological
(Technological Park of Andalusia) and educative (university Campus)