Location and Natural Conditions
is a city in the south of the Iberian Peninsula, in the region of
Andalusia. The city lays on the Costa del Sol and it is framed by
the presence of the Mediterranean and Malaga's Mountain ranges.
This Mountain ranges are protected areas and parts of the National
Park of Montes de Málaga.
The city is
located on a coastal depression formed by the confluence of the
rivers Guadalhorce and Guadalmedina. Málaga and its surroundings
occupies important geographic, economic and as well cultural key
positions in south of Spain. It is the third industrial municipality
in Spain and one of the main ports in the Mediterranean area. Its
urban structure is characterized by being spread along the coast
in direction North- South while to the west part the city is surrounded
by a mountainous range, which also marks the urban edge. The Montes
of Málaga covers the central and northern the parts of the
coastal depression. Its relief is characterized by hills covered
with diverse landscapes formations, like forests of pine groves,
oaks and cork oaks forests.
climate is temperate and clear. In the inland the summers are hot
and along the coast moderate and sunny.
The coastal winter is sunny, partly cloudy and cool. In the inland
the winters are cold.
The medium maximum temperatures are around 22.8 °C and the minimum
is measured with 13 °C. The annual average temperature is 18.6°C.
The average annual precipitation can be specify with 469.2 mm
of the city and its region has a great diversity of tropical species.
Very common species are jacarandaes, cypresses, eucalyptuses and
and public gardens
% of the city area
city was founded by Phoenicians in the 12th century B.C. Málaga
has been Carthaginian, Roman and Arabian colony. Under the Romans,
and especially under the Arabs, it developed into a strong military
At the end of
the 4th century the Arab conquest - the era of major progress started.
From the 11th century the city developed to a commercial centre
and exported to the whole Mediterranean - to the seaport of the
Arabian kingdom of Granada.
With the reconquest
in 1487 by catholic monarchs the reorganisation of urban areas was
started. It was a period of decline with epidemics, earth-quakes
and inefficient administration.
last century a new boom acquired the city.
The most investments of the city during the last twenty years have
been destined to remake inherited urban and environmental "disasters"
from the 60 and 70 decades.
Málaga grew in a rapid, massive and disordered form and its
economic model was oriented towards practically in the binomial
service-building industry. The axis of this urbanisation was the
Costa del Sol, which spreads over the coastal fringe and constitutes
one of main areas of the tourism industry worldwide.
When in the
nineties its growth is stabilized the main objectives of the city
was directed to establish a model of sustainable development and
to achieve balanced levels of infrastructures, urbanisation, green
spaces and communitarian equipments. In the following years the
targets to improve the urban quality are going on mostly with interventions
in degraded districts.
In period 1996
to 2001 the area of green spaces in Málaga had grown 256%
providing 2 sq km of usable green spaces.
economy has been reliant on construction industry, tourism services
but also high research sectors. The Costa del Sol is one of World's
leading destinations for holiday tourism.
The city has
a Technological Park - Parque Tecnológico de Andalucía
- which is since 1992 home for different companies, and actually
in expansion. Located to the north of the City of Malaga, the
4,900 ha of this park include mostly the left margin of river
basin of the Guadalmedina River. The history of this area very
is bound to the settlements that caused the substitution of the
Mediterranean forests by cultures of vines, almonds tree and olive
trees to reach a greater economic performance. From this moment
strong floods began to affect the city of Malaga.
depends on tourism and services. Beside the tourism the high-tech
and telecommunication industry has been settled. Companies producing
construction material act also in the city like the food and agriculture