the capital of Slovenia, the small state (2 million inhabitants)
between Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia. It is an important
national economic and cultural, as well as science and educational
centre. It has a great concentration of cultural institutions, scientific
and research institutes. It's University has 20 faculties and 3
academies of arts with more than 45.000 students, who bring a special
atmosphere into the city.
independence after the collapse of the former Yugoslav Federation
in 1991, Ljubljana acquired a new political and economic role. This
situation has presented the city with new challenges, especially
regarding an international integration and determining its role
among the major European cities and the formulation of an appropriate
strategy for future city development.
The city has
an important traffic position on one of the major routes from central
Europe and the Danube Area towards Italy and the northern Adriatic
ports which has been a transit route since prehistoric times. For
this reason history of urban development is very rich. The city
itself is very recognisable due to its medieval castle on the top
of the hill and the old part of the city with lots of very attractive
ambiences. The two rivers, Ljubljanica and Sava, different streams,
various landscapes and the closeness of the hinterland create large
potentials for an effective "green system".
As a capital
city, Ljubljana offers a rich variety of happenings and activities,
on the other side; its smallness enables inhabitants to move around
the city on foot and accordingly various uses of open spaces. Surrounded
by a greenbelt, with green fingers coming right to the city centre
and with numerous smaller green areas in the city centre, Ljubljana
looks as a very green city. That makes possibilities for the high
quality of life. But on the other hand there are no large "created"
green areas on the basis of elaborated plans; the green spaces are
rather consequences of the natural (especially topographic) condition
and efforts of certain individuals. This reflects in today's appearance
of the city: some parts and residential areas are really green while
elsewhere the greenery is very rare. Therefore the structure and
quality of green spaces are more problematic than its quantity.