Location and Natural Conditions
The city of
Ljubljana is geographical situated central in Slovenia, between
the Alps and the Mediterranean on the Ljubljanica River. It is bounded
by Ljubljansko Barje in the South, woods of Golovec/ Ljubljana Castle
Hill in South - East, Tivoli in the West and agricultural land in
The capital of Slovenia is also called the "Ljubljana gates"
on the route from central Europe to the Danube region and Italy
- Adrian ports.
height is around 298 m above sea level; the hilltop castle has around
On the globe the city can be found on geographic latitude with 46°03'20''
and geographic longitude with 14°30'30''.
Central European climate, mutually influenced by the warm Adriatic
Sea and the cool Alpine mountain range, dominate the average weather
in Ljubljana regions.
The coldest month with temperature around -2°C is January and
the ordinary temperatures around 20°C are in July. The average
year temperature is 9.7°C.
quantity of rainfall estimated in summer and in autumn; the annual
altitude of rainfall counts 1364 mm.
Variety and heterogeneity are the very characteristics of city landscape.
There are three
main typical landscape units:
- Hilly land
- hills with forests coming to the city centre - they represent
the most important present recreation areas and emphasised green
wedges of the city.
land in the North, with the river Sava landscape with high potentials
for recreation, as well as vulnerable habitats along the river.
- The marshland
in the South with the Ljubljanica River flowing to the city centre.
This is an area with high (national and international) importance
for biodiversity, and high potential for recreation.
Inh / sqkm
and public gardens
settlers (pile dwellers and Celts) came in this region more than
5000 years ago. At the time of the Roman hegemony, a roman city,
called Emona, was founded. The city flourished until it was destroyed
by the Huns. It was resurrected on the foot of the castle hill by
the Slavs in the 6th century.
Ljubljana was mentioned the first time in a written source from
1144 as Luwigana. Medieval Ljubljana became an important trading
and ecclesiastical centre. Many of the Romanesque and Gothic buildings
were destroyed by an earthquake at the beginning of the 16th
century, and during the 17th and 18th centuries
the remainder were pulled down or rebuilt in the Baroque style.
While the Renaissance brought improvements to the fortifications,
the Baroque was the most powerful influence on the development of
century saw the gradual urbanisation of the area between the old
walled town Rožnik Hill. The city enjoyed its greatest urban
renewal and expansion after the powerful earth quake at the end
of the 19th century. The government took advantage of
the disaster in order to plan further development of the city. They
decided the engaged Max Fabiani, a famous Viennese architect of
Slovenian descent, to plan the development. Thirty years after Fabiani,
the architect Jože Plečnik made an urban plan for Ljubljana.
The city grew rapidly between the two world wars, but after the
World War II development became even more intensive and Ljubljana
became the Capital of Slovenia, one of the six federal states of
the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Finally, in 1991 Ljubljana became the capital of independent Republic
represents the most important location for economic activities in
Slovenia and generates 34% of the country's GDP, 27% of its exports
rate and 40% of its import rate.
It is an important
political, economical, cultural and educational centre. In the University
of Ljubljana 44.000 students are registered. In the city are additionally
3 academies (696 students), 4 high schools (5468 students) and 41
scientific and research institutes.
Most of the
employees work in the tertiary sector, dominated by trade. The unemployment
rate is around 4%.